For long, urban theorists have considered African metropolises either failed cities with hardly any services available, or more optimistically constant works-in-progress, and recently even as areas where the existing informal economies and social networks can teach us lessons for other rapidly growing urban areas. So, how is it?

I owe a humble thank you to these friends who collaborated in the making of material for the documentary film Afropolis 2020 Saint-Louis (in French and Wolof, 45:14 min)